This is the latest strategic direction of energy companies. Another consortium has just been established, this time of the Danish companies, which announced plans to launch the production of alternative fuels.
The consortium is led by Moller-Maersk - a logistics and container company and Orsted (until 2017 it was DONG (originally meant a Danish oil and gas company). The consortium also includes companies such as DSV Panalpina, DFDS, Copenhagen Airports, and SAS. If the project is implemented as planned, it will be located in the Greater Copenhagen area and will be able to provide renewable hydrogen for zero-emission buses that have been included in the Movia tender and heavy trucks managed by DSV Panalpina, as well as renewable methanol for A.P. ships Moller - Maersk and renewable jet fuel (e-kerosene) for SAS aircraft and air transport from Copenhagen airports.
The project will require large-scale renewable electricity supply that could potentially come from offshore wind energy produced at Rønne Banke off the coast of Bornholm.
The production would be based initially on 10 MW cells expanded to a total capacity of 1.3 GW, which would probably make it one of the largest plants of this type in the world. The first stage, which can be launched by 2023, includes 10 MW power electrolysis, which can produce renewable hydrogen used directly to power buses and trucks.
The second stage will be 250 MW power electrolysis, which can be started by 2027, when the first offshore wind energy from Bornholm can be delivered.
This project would combine the production of renewable hydrogen with the capture of carbon dioxide from point sources in the Copenhagen region to produce renewable methanol for maritime transport and renewable jet fuel (e-kerosene) for the aviation sector. The feasibility study has been launched and the investment decision is to be taken in 2021.
The similarly huge project is the earlier Dutch project North2. The Shell, Gasunie and Groningen Seaports consortium focuses on a green hydrogen production project. Its purpose is to use offshore turbines off the Netherlands with a capacity of 3 GW to 4 GW by 2030 for energy production and the production of green H2. In 2040, it is expected to reach 10 GW of energy, which will produce 800,000 tonnes of hydrogen per year. The NortH2 feasibility study will be completed by the end of 2020, with the intention of installing the first turbines by 2027. The province of Groningen has become a European center for the production of green hydrogen by the example of the European Hydrogen Valley.
It is interesting how the plans of Polish enterprises that are already implementing or intending to implement offshore projects will turn out among them: Polenergia, Polska Grupa Energetyczna PGE, PKN Orlen, Energa, Grupa LOTOS, Enea and Tauron Polska Energia.
The projects described above, their organization and scope are a good example to follow.